HISTORY OF PATOLA
Historically the art of "DOUBLE IKAT PATOLA" weaving dated back to centuries. Painting at Ajanta caves resembles the TIE AND DIE technique of Patola. Legend indicates that sometime in the 12 th century AD, King Kumar pal of 'S'olanki dynasty invited 700 families of PATOLA weavers from Jalna (South Maharashtra) to settle down in PATAN in North Gujarat.
Artisans of PATOLA are originally South Indian weavers who had migrated to Jalna. Weavers of PATOLA are from "SALVI" families of Jalna. Even their name "SALVI" has come from SAL-loom and VIH- beating rod.
The king of Jalna used to wear the fresh PATOLA, and after wearing it for one day he used to either gift or sell them.
According to Jainism belief, only fresh silk garments could be worn during puja. King Kumar pal of 'S'olanki dynasty followed Jainism and wore Patolas for puja.
To obtain fresh silk Patola for puja, king Kumar pal attacked the Jalna region in 1175 A.D.
After defeating the king of Jalna, king Kumar pal brought 700 salvi families to patan with full dignity and respect and provided them all the facilities to practice their PATOLA weaving.
People of Bali, Java and Sumatra of Indonesia believe that Patolas are very pure, prosperous and brings prosperity to them, so they always put a piece of Patola in reverence room or under pillow.
• Geographical indication tag to Patan na patola Click here